Footnote 338

From the testimony of various men who had served in her army and other eyewitnesses; these include:

Duke Jean II d'Alençon, one of her commanders: "Furthermore, she became extremely angry when she heard soldiers swear, and scolded them; especially myself, who sometimes swore; and whenever I saw her, I restrained my swearing." (For the original language, see: DuParc's "Procès en Nullité...", Vol I, p. 387; for translations, see Oursel's "Les Procès de Jeanne d'Arc", p. 290, and Pernoud's "The Retrial of Joan of Arc", p. 142).

Louis de Coutes [or "de Contes"], one of her pageboys: "She was extremely angry when she heard anyone blaspheming God's name or when she heard swearing; for I heard several times that, when my lord Duke of Alençon swore or spoke some blasphemy, she reprimanded him; and in general no one in the army would have dared attempt to swear or blaspheme in her presence, lest they be reprimanded by her." (For the original language, see: DuParc's "Procès en Nullité...", Vol I, p. 367; for translations, see Oursel's "Les Procès de Jeanne d'Arc", p. 276, and Pernoud's "The Retrial of Joan of Arc", pp. 158 - 159).

Lord Raoul de Gaucourt, one of her commanders: "... nor did she tolerate the use of disreputable words or blasphemies in her company; for she abhorred such things both in actions and words." (For the original language, see: DuParc's "Procès en Nullité...", Vol I, p. 375; for translations, see Oursel's "Les Procès de Jeanne d'Arc", p. 250, and Pernoud's "The Retrial of Joan of Arc", p. 105).

Friar Seguin, who had questioned her at Poitiers: "Jehanne was greatly angered when she heard anyone take the name of the Lord in vain, and abhorred those who swore in such a manner; for instance, Jehanne told La Hire, who was in the habit of uttering many oaths and blaspheming God, that he shouldn't swear any more, but that whenever he felt like blaspheming God, to instead swear on his baton [commander's staff of authority]. And afterwards La Hire, in Jehanne's presence, became accustomed to swearing on his baton." (For the original language, see: DuParc's "Procès en Nullité...", Vol I, p. 473; for translations, see Oursel's "Les Procès de Jeanne d'Arc", p. 347, and Pernoud's "The Retrial of Joan of Arc", p. 102).


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